Terminalia are shrubs or trees of the Combretaceae family. There are approximately 200
species distributed thoughout the tropics globally, of which 29 species occur in Australia.
Most species are deciduous. Terminalia species usually have branches growing at a wide
angle to a central leader, growing sympodially, with leaves clustered at the ends of the
branchlets. This gives them a characteristic pagoda like appearance (Australian Biological
Resources Study (ABRS) 1990, Department of Land and Resource Management (DLRM)
Leaves are petiolate, arranged spirally, and often have glands and domatia. In common
with all other members of the Combretaceae family, leaves are simple, with margins entire,
and without stipules (ABRS 1990, DLRM 2012a).